Al-Assad regime in Damascus cannot but be toppled. Never in history has an autocratic regime introduced concrete democratic changes. In fact, autocracy by nature contradicts democratic values, namely respect for human rights. Therefore, no one in his right mind should expect a tyrant regime to accept or allow reforms. Autocracy and democracy do not ever go along, on the one hand.
On the other hand, dictatorships should not be given the opportunity to talk about democracy, because that’s an insult to democratic values. And even if they "promise" to bring about reforms in the regime, that would be no more than using "weapons of mass deception", as this itself means relinquishing powers, something that a dictator would never accept.
As this situation applies to Al-Assad regime, it should not be allowed to mislead or underestimate the minds of those who took to the streets to strive for democracy. The only option is bringing down this regime.
Bashar Al-Assad should further be held criminally responsible for the intentional murder - until this moment - of dozens of peaceful protesters, either before a Syrian court - after toppling his regime - or before the International Criminal Court in The Hague, as this type of murder is classified as a crime against humanity.