The Syrian regime is committing crimes against humanity against its own civilian population. It is murdering its population as part of a widespread and systematic attack, a situation which falls under Article 7(1)(a) of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court.
Since Syria is a non-party State to the Statute, the Security Council – having the primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security under the UN Charter – is empowered to refer the situation in Syria to the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court, in accordance with Article 13(b) of the Statute.
Furthermore, the Security Council should consider other necessary measures, including the use of armed force, to put an end to the widespread and systematic murder of Syrians.
The international community should act immediately and send a loud and clear message to the Syrian regime: human rights violations entail tough consequences. Immediate action is required.